Articles . Investing . Property

How Much Do I Have to Pay for HDB Downpayment? BTO, Resale and EC

June 7, 2024

Key Takeaways

In Singapore, requirements vary for HDB downpayment BTO flats, resale flats, and Executive Condominiums (ECs). For BTO and resale flats, HDB loans require a 20% downpayment, payable using CPF or cash. Bank loans for these properties require a 25% downpayment, with at least 5% in cash. For ECs, a bank loan requires a 25% downpayment, with 5% in cash and the rest using CPF. Choosing between HDB and bank loans depends on financial readiness and long-term plans.

Buying a home is an important milestone for many Singaporeans. Understanding the downpayment requirements for HDB BTO flats, resale flats, and Executive Condominiums (ECs) is crucial to making an informed decision.

This guide will walk you through the essentials, comparing loan types and their implications to help you with your homeownership journey.

Types of Loans Available for HDB Purchases

When planning your home purchase, one of the first decisions you’ll face is choosing between an HDB loan and a bank loan. Each option has distinct terms and conditions that will impact your finances differently.

HDB Loans

The downpayment for an HDB loan is 20% of the purchase price, which can be paid using your CPF savings or cash. The loan amount can be up to 80% of the flat’s value, with a fixed interest rate of 2.6% per annum. HDB loans are only available for HDB flats, both BTO and resale, and they allow the entire downpayment to be made using CPF.

Bank Loans

For bank loans, the downpayment requirement is at least 25% of the purchase price, with at least 5% paid in cash and the remaining 20% in CPF or cash. Bank loans cover HDB flats and Executive Condominiums (ECs), with interest rates being over 2.6%. These rates can fluctuate, providing potential savings and carrying the risk of rate increases over time.

Choosing between an HDB loan and a bank loan depends on various factors, such as your financial situation, the type of property you are purchasing, and your long-term financial goals.

HDB loans are generally more accessible with a lower down payment, making them suitable for first-time buyers. However, bank loans may offer lower interest rates, which can be beneficial in the long run.

Downpayment Requirements for BTO Flats

BTO (Build-To-Order) flats are a popular choice among Singaporeans due to their affordability and the availability of government grants. However, understanding the downpayment requirements is essential to prepare your finances adequately.

HDB Loan for BTO Flats

The downpayment for BTO flats is 20% of the purchase price, which can be paid using your CPF savings or cash. For example, if the purchase price of a BTO flat is $350,000, the downpayment would be $70,000.

Bank Loan for BTO Flats

When opting for a bank loan, the downpayment requirement increases to 25% of the purchase price. This payment consists of at least 5% cash and 20% using CPF or cash. For a $350,000 flat, the cash component would be $17,500, and the CPF component would be $70,000, making the total downpayment $87,500.

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Additionally, HDB offers a staggered downpayment scheme for BTO flats. Under this scheme, buyers can split their downpayment into two instalments: 5% when signing the lease and the remaining 10% upon key collection. This option is available to couples applying for the first time and meeting specific criteria.

While HDB loans offer a lower initial financial burden, bank loans may be more effective in the long run due to lower interest rates.

Downpayment Requirements for Resale Flats

Resale flats offer the advantage of being readily available, unlike BTO flats, which have a waiting period. However, they typically come with a higher price tag and downpayment requirements. Understanding these requirements is crucial for planning your finances effectively.

HDB Loan for Resale Flats

The downpayment under an HDB loan for resale flats is 20% of the purchase price, payable using CPF or cash. For example, a resale flat priced at $500,000 would cost $100,000.

Bank Loan for Resale Flats

When opting for a bank loan for a resale flat, the downpayment requirement is 25% of the flat’s value, consisting of at least 5% in cash for resale flats and 20% using CPF or cash.

Unlike BTO flats, resale flats do not qualify for the staggered downpayment scheme. Therefore, buyers must be prepared to pay the total downpayment amount upfront.

When purchasing a resale flat, buyers must also account for other associated costs, such as stamp duty, legal fees, and renovation costs.

While HDB loans are more accessible with a lower downpayment, bank loans might offer lower interest rates over time.

Downpayment Requirements for Executive Condominiums (ECs)

Executive Condominiums (ECs) are a unique hybrid of public and private housing, offering the best of both worlds. They started as HDB properties but were fully privatised after ten years.

Bank Loans for Executive Condominiums

Unlike BTO and resale flats, ECs do not qualify for HDB loans. Buyers must opt for a bank loan with a higher downpayment requirement. The downpayment is 20%, of which you can use CPF funds and 5% cash. For instance, if an EC costs $1,000,000, the downpayment would be $50,000 in cash and $200,000 in CPF, totalling $250,000.

Purchasing an EC involves other significant costs, similar to buying private property. These include stamp duty, legal fees, and maintenance fees. For a $1,000,000 EC, the stamp duty would be $24,600, estimated legal costs could be $3,000, and maintenance fees might be around $200 monthly.

Considerations for Permanent Residents (PRs)

When purchasing ECs, PRs face different rules and additional costs than Singaporean citizens. One key difference is the Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty (ABSD), which is 5% for PRs. For a $1,000,000 EC, the ABSD would be $50,000.

Pros and Cons of ECs


  • Lower initial cost compared to private condos.
  • Potential for appreciation upon privatisation.
  • Access to a wide range of amenities.


  • Higher downpayment requirements.
  • Only bank loans are available, with variable interest rates.
  • Additional costs include ABSD for PRs and higher maintenance fees.

Choosing Between ECs and Other HDB Options

Deciding to purchase an EC involves weighing the benefits of luxury living and potential appreciation against the higher initial costs and financing requirements. Buyers must carefully assess their financial readiness and long-term housing goals.

Essential Considerations for Permanent Residents (PRs)

When Permanent Residents (PRs) in Singapore decide to purchase property, they face different rules and additional costs than citizens. These factors can significantly impact the overcast and should be carefully considered before making decisions.

Additional Buyer’s Stamp Duty (ABSD)

PRs must pay an Additional 5% Buyer’s Stamp Duty (ABSD) on top of the standard Buyer’s Stamp Duty (BSD). A $1,000,000 property means an additional $50,000 in ABSD.

Standard Buyer’s Stamp Duty (BSD)

In addition to ABSD, PRs must also pay the standard BSD, which is calculated as follows:

  • 1% for the first $180,000
  • 2% for the next $180,000
  • 3% for the remaining amount

For a $1,000,000 property, the BSD would be $24,600.

Financing Options for PRs

PRs can access HDB loans (for HDB flats) and bank loans. However, the eligibility criteria and downpayment requirements remain the same. HDB loans require a 20% downpayment, payable using CPF or cash, while bank loans require a 25% downpayment, with at least 5% in cash.

Choosing the Right Property

PRs should consider their financial situation and long-term goals when choosing a property. Additional costs, such as ABSD and higher downpayment requirements for bank loans, can significantly impact the property’s affordability.

Choosing the Right Loan for Your HDB Purchase

Selecting the appropriate loan for your HDB purchase is a critical decision that will impact your financial stability and long-term goals. In Singapore, you can choose between an HDB loan and a bank loan. Each has its benefits and drawbacks, which can help you make an informed decision.

Factors to Consider

  1. Interest Rates: HDB loans have a fixed interest rate of 2.6% annually, providing stability and predictability in your monthly repayments.

Bank loans have variable interest rates, typically above 2.5%. These rates can fluctuate, potentially offering lower rates but also carrying the risk of rate increases over time.

  1. Downpayment Requirements: HDB loans require a 20% downpayment of the purchase price, payable in CPF or cash. This lower downpayment requirement makes it more accessible for first-time homebuyers.

Bank loans require a 25% downpayment of the purchase price, with at least 5% in cash and the remaining 20% in CPF or cash. The higher initial cost can be a barrier but might be offset by lower interest rates.

  1. Loan Tenure: HDB loans offer repayment terms of up to 25 years, providing more flexibility in managing monthly payments. Bank loans typically offer terms of up to 30 years, depending on the bank’s policies.

Pros and Cons of HDB Loans


  • Lower initial downpayment requirement of 20%.
  • Fixed interest rate provides predictability.
  • Flexibility in using CPF for the entire downpayment.


  • Higher interest rates compared to bank loans.
  • Limited to HDB flats (BTO and resale).

Pros and Cons of Bank Loans


  • Potentially lower interest rates.
  • More extended loan tenure options.
  • Available for both HDB flats and Executive Condominiums (ECs).


  • Higher initial downpayment of 25%.
  • Interest rate fluctuations can impact monthly repayments.
  • At least 5% of the downpayment must be in cash.

Making the Decision

When choosing between an HDB loan and a bank loan, consider the following:

  • Financial Readiness: Assess your ability to meet the downpayment and monthly repayment requirements.
  • Risk Tolerance: Determine your comfort level with interest rate fluctuations. A fixed-rate offers stability, while a variable rate can be lower but unpredictable.
  • Long-Term Plans: Consider how long you plan to stay in the property. Shorter tenures can lead to quicker repayment but higher monthly costs.
  • Consult a Financial Advisor: Seek professional advice to understand the implications of each loan type on your financial health.
  • Use CPF Wisely: Maximise your CPF savings to reduce the cash needed for downpayment and monthly repayments.
  • Plan for Additional Costs: When planning your budget, Factor in other expenses such as legal fees, stamp duties, and renovation costs.

Practical Steps to Achieve Your Downpayment Goal

  1. Start Early: Save immediately to maximise compound interest and CPF contributions.
  2. Regularly Review Your Plan: Assess your progress periodically and adjust as needed to stay on track.
  3. Seek Professional Advice: Consult financial advisors to optimise your savings strategy and explore additional financing options.

Securing a home in Singapore is a significant financial commitment that requires careful planning and informed decision-making. Whether looking at BTO flats, resale flats, or Executive Condominiums (ECs), understanding the downpayment requirements and choosing the right loan can make a substantial difference in your homeownership journey.

If you’re ready to take the next step towards homeownership but need financial assistance, GS Credit is here to help. As a licensed moneylender, GS Credit offers loans to individuals, providing the support you need to secure your new home. Apply for a loan now and move one step closer to your dream home.


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